Periodontal or gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in the U.S. for people over 35. Dental experts say the disease usually starts with gingivitis. Initially, plaque builds up and causes inflammation of the gums. If left untreated, gingivitis turns to periodontal disease. Other contributing factors include hormonal changes and smoking. Further, many medications, including dilantin, cause abnormal gum growth. Common symptoms include bleeding and inflamed gums, bad breath and loose teeth. However, the leading symptom is deep pockets that develop between teeth.
Periodontal treatments in Gainesville include several non-invasive methods. First, scaling removes bacteria from teeth and below gums. The scaling is done using an instrument or ultrasonic device. The patient may have pain and require medication for a couple of days. Next, root planing is recommended for more advanced cases. Planing smooths roots and stops bacteria and tartar from collecting. Finally, the dentist can prescribe antibiotics. Often, the antibiotics are contained in a soothing mouthwash. On the other hand, some patients need oral antibiotics to get rid of bacteria.
Bone loss and receding gums are major side effects of advanced gum disease. Indeed, surgical periodontal treatments in Gainesville may be necessary. For example, flap surgery is used to expose the roots of the teeth. This surgery is performed when surface scaling is not effective. The dentist can do more effective scaling and root planing during the surgery. Frequently, the dentist may re-contour the bone underneath the gums to prevent bone loss. Soft tissue grafts are used for patients with receding gum-lines. Tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth and sutured to the gums. The surgery makes gums stronger and stops the recession.
Sometimes, periodontal disease completely destroys the bone around a tooth’s root. At this point, the dentist grafts small pieces of the patient’s bone to the tooth. This prevents the loss of the tooth because the bone holds it in place. In addition, the treatment may cause natural bone to grow back. Individuals who want more information should find a dentist in the area. Next, visit the website to schedule a consultation. Remember, preventing gum disease starts with good oral hygiene.